Maligní ascites

Treatment of malignant ascites - PubMe

Malignant AscitesSymptomsTreatmentDiagnosi

  1. [Source 2)]. Sodium and fluid retention are frequent complications of end-stage liver disease and as a consequence, around 50% of patients with cirrhosis will develop ascites over a 10-year period of follow-up 3).Ascites significantly impairs the quality of life of patients with cirrhosis and is associated with poor prognosis: 1-year and 5-year survival rates of 85% and 56%, respectively are.
  2. ology Ascites (plural is same word) tends to be reserved for relatively sizable amounts of peritoneal fluid. The amount has not been de..
  3. al cavity by highly active cancers, and when functional cirrhosis.
  4. Ascites is a condition in which fluid collects in spaces within your abdomen. If severe, ascites may be painful. The problem may keep you from moving around comfortably. Skip Navigation. COVID-19 Update. We continue to monitor COVID-19 in our area. If there are changes in surgeries or other scheduled appointments, your provider will notify you
  5. ous sign that indicates peritoneal metastasis of the primary malignancy. The average survival after development of malignant ascites is only about 5 months
  6. SKŘIČKA, Tomáš. Maligní ascites. In Paliativní medicína.1. vyd. Praha: Grada Publishing, 1998. s. 107-114. ISBN 80-7169-437-1. Další formáty: BibTeX LaTeX RI
  7. al cavity. Patients who suffer from this are usually on the final stage of their cancer events. According to the most recent study conducted by a team of oncologists, this is a common occurrence for people with ovarian and gastrointestinal cancer. Malignant ascites is.

What is Malignant Ascites? (with pictures

Ascites is accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity. Common causes of ascites are liver disease or cirrhosis, cancers,and heart failure. Signs and symptoms of ascities include shortness of breath, and abdominal pain, discomfort, or bloating. Ascities treatment guidelines depend upon the condition causing ascites. The prognosis the life expectancy depends on the cause of ascities Ascites is the buildup of an abnormal amount of fluid inside the abdomen (belly). This is a common problem in patients with cirrhosis (scarring) of the liver. Approximately 80% of patients with cirrhosis of the liver develop ascites. What are the risk factors for development of ascites

V 1. skupině se u 12 nemocných ascites již neobjevil, u 4 nemocných se ascites doplnil v průměru 6,3 měsíců po chirurgickém výkonu. Dosud zemřeli 4 nemocní, průměrně 10,7 měsíců po operaci, 3 z nich přežívali více než rok. 12 pacientů žije - 6p > 1 rok, 3p > 2 roky, 1p > 4 roky Malignant disease can cause ascites by at least six mechanisms . Thus, the phrase malignancy-related ascites is a more appropriate descriptor than malignant ascites since it includes all of these causes. Influence of tumor type — Ascites typically develops in the setting of recurrent and/or advanced cancer. Patients may have a history of.


Malignant ascites occurs most often in patients with high-grade serous papillary ovarian cancer at initial diagnosis: a retrospective analysis of 191 women treated at Bayreuth Hospital, 2006-2015. Krugmann J, Schwarz CL, Melcher B, Sterlacci W, Ozalinskaite A, Lermann J, Agaimy A, Vieth M Arch Gynecol Obstet 2019 Feb;299(2):515-523 A guideline on the management of symptomatic malignant ascites by abdominal paracentesis, diuretics and peritoneovenous shunting, based on a systematic review of the literature is presented. Thirty-two relevant studies were identified. None were randomized control trials, one was a non-randomized op

Ascites can be a symptom of many type of cancer. It can also be caused by some other conditions, such as advanced liver disease and heart failure. Ascites may develop when: cancer cells irritate the lining of the tummy, causing it to make too much fluid; lymph nodes in the tummy become blocked and the fluid cannot drain properl Sometimes, ascites builds up again over the following weeks and months after an ascitic drainage. Your doctor or nurse might recommend starting or continuing diuretic (water) tablets to try to help the fluid stay away for longer. Sometimes people need to have another ascitic drainage. If the ascites keeps coming back, you might have a permanent.

Malignant Ascites Life Expectancy, Prognosis, Cancer

Ascites - Wikipedi

  1. Ascites is the buildup of fluid in the space around the organs in the abdomen. When ascites is caused by cancer, it is called malignant ascites. Malignant ascites is most common in people with the following cancers:Breast cancerColon cancerGastrointestinal tract cancers, such as stomach and intestinal cancersOvarian cance
  2. MALIGNANT ASCITES IN PALLIATIVE CARE 5.1 GENERAL PRINCIPLES Ascites is the accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity. 1, 2 Malignancy is the underlying cause in approximately 10% ofall cases ascites. About 15- 50% of patients with malignancy will develop ascites.
  3. Ascites is the accumulation of fluid within the abdomen. While there are a number of conditions that can cause it, approximately 75 percent of patients with ascites also have cirrhosis of the liver.In addition, about 50 percent of patients with cirrhosis will develop ascites within 10 years.
  4. Můžeme zhodnotit množství bílkoviny (charakter transudátu či exsudátu), eventuálně najít maligní buňky (tumorem podmíněný ascites). Velmi cenné je zjištění počtu leukocytů, přičemž při koncentraci leukocytů vyšší než 0.5 x10 9 na litr ascitu mluvíme o spontánní bakteriální peritonitidě
  5. al pain
  6. Patients with a history of cancer, especially gastrointestinal cancer, are at risk for malignant ascites. Malignancy-related ascites is frequently painful, whereas cirrhotic ascites is usually painless; Having gotten an understanding of the causes and pathophysiology of ascites, one should be able to have a clue on the features that a person.
  7. Malignant-related ascites Introduction. Ascites is caused by malignancy in approximately 7% of patients. A number of mechanisms exist whereby cancer can cause ascites, and its development is not always synonymous with a diagnosis of peritoneal carcinomatosis

Malignant Ascites Life Expectancy - CancerO

Maligní ascites

  1. This may also be seen in malignant ascites. 5. Cytology. This test is better done on cytospin. It helps in differentiating as well as finding the malignant cells. At times it's difficult to differentiate between the malignant and mesothelial cells.The morphology of mesothelial cells differs with respect to cellular content and nuclei
  2. Introduction. Ascites is a common sign of several diseases, both benign and malignant, and often contributes to more symptoms than the underlying pathology itself. 1 Malignant ascites (MA) is an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity as a result of cancer, 2 and accounts for ~10% of all cases of ascites. It occurs in many malignancies: adrenal, appendiceal, bladder, breast.
  3. In malignant ascites, paracentesis, diuretics and shunting are commonly used procedures but robust evidence supporting their use in this palliative setting is lacking. Diuretics are helpful in about 40% of cases. Paracentesis gives good, although temporary, symptom relief. It can be complicated by hypovolaemia and simultaneous intravenous.
  4. Malignant ascites is ascites which is caused by certain types of advanced cancer, including ovarian, breast, pancreatic, lung, liver, colon/rectum and lymphoma cancer, due to fluid build-up in the peritoneal cavity from a number of causes including draining of the lymph system
  5. In malignant disease, tapping ascites brings some relief to about 90% of patients. Where frequent drainage is required, a permanent drain can be left in place [ 7 ] ; although this increases the risk of infection, there is a notable reduction in symptom burden in most patients
  6. al distention, pain, and dyspnea. Diuretics typically do not work well for MA. Paracentesis is effective in providing temporary symptom relief but requires frequent repeat procedures

Malignant ascites also show more lymphocytes. RBCs presence indicates malignancies, tuberculosis, or intra-abdominal bleeding. WBCs presence indicates peritonitis, tuberculosis, or cirrhosis. Cytology: This can be done better on cytospin and can differentiate the cells and as well find the malignant cells What Is Ascites? Ascites (ah-SITE'-eez) is extra fluid built up in the abdomen. It causes the belly to swell and stretch out. Pancreatic cancer patients may have ascites at any time, but it is especially common in patients whose cancer has metastasized, or spread. Causes of Ascites. Cancer causes about 10 percent of ascites cases Malignant ascites is a severe complication of many types of human cancer. Animal and clinical analyses have shown that angiogenesis plays a critical role in the formation of malignant ascites. paracentesis. cancer. 49 views 08 Nov, 2020 1 location. The alfapump® offers patients suffering from malignant ascites with a completely new and much-needed treatment option for the management of their ascites. A further benefit of the alfapump® in malignant ascites is that the physician is able to conduct regular liquid biopsies through the analysis of urine samples. These will contain.

Background The natural history, presenting signs/symptoms, and diagnostic approach to the patient with malignant ascites are discussed in Fast Fact #176; readers are encouraged to read this Fast Fact to review the important role of determining the Serum Ascites-Albumin Gradient as a diagnostic and treatment aid.This Fast Fact will review treatment approaches Maligní ascites. Informace o publikaci. Maligní ascites. Autoři: SKŘIČKA Tomáš. Malignant ascites is an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity as a result of cancer. Its occurrence has been reported in numerous malignancies. Ascites is a sign of advanced disease and poor prognosis, with only 11% of patients surviving >6 months, except those with ovarian cancer The word ascites is of Greek origin (askos) and means bag or sac.Ascites describes the condition of pathologic fluid collection within the abdominal cavity. Healthy men have little or no intraperitoneal fluid, but women may normally have as much as 20 mL, depending on the phase of their menstrual cycle Ascites is the medical term for fluid buildup in the abdomen. It's generally a voluminous exudative fluid having cellular fraction consisting of ovarian cancer cells, mesothelial cells and lymphocites. The neoplastic cells present in the ascites are mainly found to be spheroids but single cells or aggregate of cells

The presence of ascites is one of the general ovarian cancer (OC) symptoms detected at initial diagnosis and can be present at an early stage but is most often seen in advanced disease. In newly diagnosed OC patients, ascites is treated by the standard treatment for the underlying disease. However, once the chemoresistant and recurrent features of the disease develop, management of a large. Malignant ascites in this patient with gastric cancer ADVERTISEMENT: Radiopaedia is free thanks to our supporters and advertisers

dekódování krevního testu v tabulce - 2020-2021

{{configCtrl2.info.metaDescription} Ascites is a major complication of cirrhosis,1 occurring in 50% of patients over 10 years of follow up. The development of ascites is an important landmark in the natural history of cirrhosis as it is associated with a 50% mortality over two years and signifies the need to consider liver transplantation as a therapeutic option. The majority (75. Maligní / zhoubný - termín se užívá ve spojení se závažným až život ohrožujícím onemocněním (maligní arytmie, maligní hypertenze), nejčastěji však ve spojení maligní / zhoubný nádor, zkráceně malignita, malignom. Maligní nádory jsou onemocnění buněk, které se vymkly kontrole organismu, získaly schopnost nekonečného dělení a ztratily schopnost apoptózy Objectives . Malignant ascites (MA) caused by peritoneal carcinomatosis is not uncommon in patients with pancreatic cancer.However, the clinical features and outcomes in these patients remain to be elucidated. Methods . Baseline characteristics and overall survival (OS) of consecutive patients with advanced pancreatic cancer who presented with MA were retrospectively evaluated

Malignant ascites is the build-up of large volumes of fluid in the peritoneal cavity secondary to cancer. In the absence of malignancy, liver disease is responsible for over 80% of cases of ascites. Patients with ascites present with distended abdomen, difficulty mobilising, shortness of breath, fatigue and altered bowel habit Investigation and treatment of malignant ascites are often in the hands of the general surgeon and can be difficult. This article considers the aetiology and pathophysiology of malignant ascites and explores the best form of management. Established treatment modalities and new therapeutic options are reviewed and a new management regimen based.

Malignant ascites (MA) accompanies a variety of abdominal and extra-abdominal tumors. It is a primary cause of morbidity and raises several treatment challenges. MA has several symptoms, producing a significant reduction in the patient's quality of life: loss of proteins and electrolyte disorders cause diffuse oedema, while the accumulation of abdominal fluid facilitates sepsis Accumulation of massive amounts of malignant ascites is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with such intra‐abdominal tumors in advanced stages . Accordingly, the mean survival duration is only about 20 weeks after the diagnosis of malignant ascites if all cancer types are included Malignant ascites is a manifestation of advanced malignant disease that is associated with significant morbidity. Mainstays of treatment include diuretics and recurrent large volume paracentesis

Ascites is the buildup of fluid in your belly, often due to severe liver disease. The extra fluid makes your belly swell. Ascites Signs and Symptom Malignant Ascites is a tier 3 symptom exclusive to the Frozen Virus scenario. It causes the accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity because of severe cirrhosis. It can be lethal

Ascites causes, symptoms, diagnosis, prognosis and ascites

Ascites Radiology Reference Article Radiopaedia

Background Malignancy is the underlying cause in approximately 10% of all cases of ascites. About 15-50% of patients with malignancy will develop ascites. Cancers commonly associated with the development of ascites include breast, colorectal, endometrial, gastric, ovarian and pancreatic cancer. Several pathophysiological mechanisms are implicated in the development of malignant ascites Of the 28 patients with double-walled gallbladders, 23 (82%) had benign disease, such as liver cirrhosis (n = 22) and nephrotic syndrome with hypoalbuminemia (n = 1). The results of this study indicate that sonography is useful in determining whether the cause of ascites is malignant or benign disease

Malignant Ascites, Causes, Symptoms, and Prognosis

Drainage of Malignant Ascites (Abdominal Paracentesis) Background Cancers that involve the peritoneum can cause fluid to build up within the abdominal cavity. This is most common in ovarian cancer but can also occur in other cancers such as pancreatic or colorectal cancers. It may also occur with peritoneal deposits from cancers such as melanoma Draft Guidelines for the Management of Malignant Ascites. Treatment of accumulated fluid should be minimally invasive, should not add to the patient's burden and should be aimed at relieving symptoms. Diuretics May be a helpful initial treatment when the abdomen is not tense and paracentesis is not immediately indicated for symptom relief

Ascites Johns Hopkins Medicin

I have heard no good news as to treatment of the ascites fluid and wondered if chemo will help assuming he is strong enough for more chemo. He is 63 normally weighs about 153 lbs. but is down to about 110 lbs. with considerable muscle loss. (If you know of anything that has helped to cure malignant ascites please let me know. Ascites. Ascites is a type of fluid buildup that occurs in the abdomen. According to Palliative.org, 15 to 50 percent of cancer patients will develop ascites at some point. Cancers that typically develop ascites include ovarian, breast, colon, stomach and pancreatic cancers

(PDF) Malignant Ascites: A Review of Pathogenesis and

  1. gradient (greater than 1.1 g/dL), a variable total protein, and negative ascitic cytology. Ascites caused by peritoneal carcinomatosis does not respond to diuretics. +
  2. Malignant ascites dr. varun 1. Malignant ascites (abnormal accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity ) is a manifestation of end stage events in a variety of cancers and associated with significant morbidity. Itsonset and progression is associated with deterioration in quality of life (QoL) and a poor prognosis
  3. al cavity, such as, colon cancer, pancreatic cancer, stomach cancer, breast cancer, lymphoma, lung cancer, or ovarian cancer
  4. Adult cancer patients with malignant ascites due to cancer of any type were eligible for inclusion. The included participants had various, usually unspecified, tumours. Outcomes assessed in the review. The primary outcome measure was the prevention or reduction of fluid accumulation

Malignant ascites with omental metastasis: a rare event in prostate cancer Journal of Cancer Metastasis and Treatment is an open access journal, focusing on basic and clinical studies related to cancer cell, cell biology, oncology, radiation therapy and radiology, obstetrics and gynecology, pediatrics, surgery, hematology, neuro-oncology, etc Introduction. Ascites is an accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity. The predominant cause of Ascites in the United States is cirrhotic liver disease, which accounts for -80% of all cases.Ascites may also result from other systemic diseases, such as heart failure (cardiac Ascites) and nephritic syndrome, or from primary peritoneal pathology, such as peritoneal carcinomatosis or. Ascites treatment usually combines medicines with changes to your nutrition. You may need any of the following: Medicines help decrease the fluid in your abdomen, prevent or fight an infection, or prevent more damage to your liver. Limit the amount of sodium (salt) and liquid in your diet. This will help decrease the fluid in your abdomen

Maligní ascites - Masaryk Universit

A condition in which fluid containing cancer cells collects in the abdomen Malignant Ascites. If it is caused by cancer, ascites is referred to as malignant. Individuals with breast, colon, ovarian, uterine, pancreatic, or gastrointestinal cancers often develop this type of fluid buildup. The symptoms include shortness of breath, lumps around the belly button, fatigue, and difficulty eating Malignant ascites caused by different health conditions such as, irritation of the thin membrane of abdomen, destruction in lymphatic system, and disturbances in the liver function due to the cancer cells. Symptoms of malignant ascites depends on various factors. Main symptoms in the malignant ascites includes swelling of the abdomen, feeling.

Malignant Ascites Prognosis and Treatmen

Malignant ascites fluid is produced by abdominal cancers, such as colon, ovarian, stomach, intestine, pancreas and uterus. It is this fluid that is responsible, in large part, for the spread of cancer cells from the original tumor to other sites in the peritoneal cavity. The accumulation of ascites fluid is extremely problematic MALIGNANT ASCITES. Malignant ascites results when there is an imbalance in the secretion of proteins and cells into the peritoneal cavity and absorption of fluids via the lymphatic system. Greater capillary permeability as a result of the release of cytokines by malignant cells increases the protein concentration in the peritoneal fluid Malignant ascites. 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 Billable/Specific Code. R18.0 is a billable/specific ICD-10-CM code that can be used to indicate a diagnosis for. Management of adult patients with ascites due to cirrhosis: update 2012. Amer Assoc Study Liv Dis. 2012; 1-96. ↑ Runyon BA. Management of adult patients with ascites due to cirrhosis: update 2012. Amer Assoc Study Liv Dis. 2012; 1-96. ↑ Runyon BA. Cardiac ascites: a characterization. J Clin Gastro. 1998; 10(4): 410-412 Malignant Ascites Primary Site Unknown -- This was kind of interesting because it wasn't exactly...I think a lot of people don't understand what ascites are. Q: The question was, I am having a.

Malignant peritoneal effusion (MPeE) is a marker that frequently indicates advanced malignant disease, and malignant ascites is a grave prognostic sign. Tumors causing carcinomatosis are commonly secondary peritoneal surface malignancies as follows: ovarian, colorectal, pancreatic, and uterine Diagnosed in November through exploratory surgery. At that time Ascites was present, drainined roughly 50cc. began chemo in January, was re-scanned recently and cancer has spread to peritoneal cavity. Admitted to hospital 3 weeks ago. Had 5 litres of Ascites drainined 7 days ago, and drain is back in again. Subhash Sharma, Declan Walsh, Management of symptomatic malignant ascites with diuretics: Two case reports and a review of the literature, Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 10.1016/0885-3924(94)00129-9, 10, 3, (237-242), (1995) Peritoneal carcinomatosis with malignant ascites is as common in advanced gastric cancer patients as in advanced pancreatic cancer patients. Weekly paclitaxel is recognized as one of the effective regimens for second-line chemotherapy of gastric cancer in Japan, with a reported response rate of 24% in 25 patients and rate of disappearance of. Fausto Petrelli and Sandro Barni, Malignant Ascites: Diagnosis and Treatment, Malignant Effusions, 10.1007/978-94-007-4783-8_4, (57-76), (2012). Crossref Hong Zhang, Feng Li, Qun Wei and Yu-Fei Zhu , Value of combined detection of AFU and TCH in differential diagnosis between malignant and non-tuberculous benign ascites , Medical Oncology , 28.

Ascites: Fluid Retention Symptoms, Treatment & Cause

In contrast to ascites due to inflammation or infection, ascites due to portal hypertension produces fluid that is clear and straw-colored, has a low protein concentration, a low polymorphonuclear (PMN) leukocyte count (< 250 cells/-mcL), and, most reliably, a high serum-to-ascites albumin concentration gradient (SAAG), which is the serum. UK deaths due to chronic liver diseases such as cirrhosis have quadrupled over the last 40 years, making this condition now the third most common cause of premature death. Most patients with advanced cirrhosis (end-stage liver disease [ESLD]) develop ascites. This is often managed with diuretics, but if refractory, then the fluid is drained from the peritoneal cavity every 10-14 days by.

Malignant ascites is typically associated with cancers of the colon, rectum, lung, pancreas, liver, ovary, uterus, breast or lymphatic system. About 50% of malignant peritoneal effusions are caused by peritoneal carcinomatosis. This is when there are many small deposits of cancer in the peritoneal lining of the abdominal cavity Ascites is when over 25 milliliters of fluid fills the space between the abdominal lining and the organs. It's usually caused by cirrhosis. Discover the risk factors, such as liver damage and. Malignant ascites is due to increased portal pressures, direct secretion into the abdomen, or a combination of these two mechanisms. 2. Calculation of the serum-ascites albumin gradient (SAAG) helps determine whether diuretic therapy is likely to be of benefit; a gradient of >1.1 g/dl is associated with portal hypertension The purpose of this study was to determine risk factors for development of malignant ascites and its prognostic significance in patients with pancreatic cancer. A prospective database was queried to identify patients with pancreatic cancer who develop ascites. Stage at presentation, size, and location of primary tumor, treatment received and length of survival after onset of ascites were.

Ascites: Causes, Complications & Treatmen

Při změnách onkotického tlaku z jiné příčiny (hypoproteinemie např. u nefrotického syndromu) můžeme prokázat ascites také. Pokud při punkci ascitu získáme hemoragickou tekutinu, je vždy nutné uvažovat především o maligní příčině. Iatrogenní ascites, po laparotomii nebo ascites při myxedému jsou velmi vzácné Malignant ascites commonly presents with abdominal distention and pain, early satiety, and dyspnea. Once symptomatic, life expectancy typically ranges from weeks to a few months. 30 The multifactorial pathophysiology involves vascular epithelial growth factor-induced vascular permeability, lymphatic obstruction, portal hypertension, and. Malignant ascites is a topic covered in the Diagnosaurus.. To view the entire topic, please sign in or purchase a subscription.. Medicine Central™ is a quick-consult mobile and web resource that includes diagnosis, treatment, medications, and follow-up information on over 700 diseases and disorders, providing fast answers—anytime, anywhere R18.0 is a valid billable ICD-10 diagnosis code for Malignant ascites.It is found in the 2021 version of the ICD-10 Clinical Modification (CM) and can be used in all HIPAA-covered transactions from Oct 01, 2020 - Sep 30, 2021. ↓ See below for any exclusions, inclusions or special notation ascites is a condition caused by severe liver disease. it causes excess fluid to build up in your abdomen, making your belly swell and stick out

Lze podstatně ovlivnit tvorbu maligního ascitu? » Linkos

ascites in alcoholic cirrhosis (K70.31); ascites in alcoholic hepatitis (K70.11); ascites in toxic liver disease with chronic active hepatitis (K71.51); fluid in peritoneal cavity ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code R1 Malignant Ascites Treatment Market Opportunity Analysis - 2026 Ascites is the condition characterized by formation of excessive fluid in the abdominal cavity, particularly in the peritoneal cavity ICD-10-CM Code for Malignant ascites R18.0 ICD-10 code R18.0 for Malignant ascites is a medical classification as listed by WHO under the range - Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified

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